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Lava erupting on Jupiter’s volcanic moon Io is over 1000°C

Astronomers used radio telescopes to estimate the temperature of molten rock on Io, the most volcanically active world in the solar system

Astronomers found a weird asteroid closer to the sun than any other

Scientists have found three strange asteroids that orbit relatively close to the sun – one is the closest to the sun we’ve ever found, and another may someday hit Earth

Nutrient-measuring device could make microwaves that count calories

Scientists have found a way to use leaked electromagnetic radiation to measure nutrients in microwaved meals

Two eye-opening new books delve into the world of animal communication

Tom Mustill's How to Speak Whale and Karen Bakker's The Sounds of Life explore what we know about the way life on Earth communicates, from whales to coral reefs. They are both must-reads

Why the UK government's attack on nature cannot be allowed to succeed

The UK government’s bid to slash environmental protections is an onslaught on nature and the laws that protect it. We are angry, and we are not alone, says RSPB chief executive Beccy Speight

I am planning my wife's woodland burial, but green funerals are costly

My late wife was an environmentalist and wanted an eco-friendly funeral. I have seen to her wishes, but a woodland burial isn't possible for all those who would like one, writes Graham Lawton

Dredging in crucial habitat sparks row over UK marine protected areas

Footage showing protected Scottish waters raked clean by scallop dredgers shows that marine protected areas are "paper parks", say campaigners

Ships release invisible contrails that slightly cool the climate

The effect of aerosol pollution from shipping and other sources on clouds has been underestimated and may need to be factored into future climate models

DeepMind AI finds new way to multiply numbers and speed up computers

Matrix multiplication - where two grids of numbers are multiplied together - forms the basis of many computing tasks, and an improved technique discovered by an artificial intelligence could boost computation speeds by up to 20 per cent

JWST and Hubble teamed up to take a stunning image of two galaxies

The James Webb Space Telescope and the Hubble Space Telescope observe the universe in different wavelengths, and combining their data has given astronomers a detailed look at the interstellar dust in a pair of galaxies

Did magnetism shape the universe? An epic experiment suggests it did

The idea that magnetism helped shape the universe has been dismissed by scientists for decades, but now new experiments involving plasma that is hotter than the sun are prompting a rethink

Nobel prize in chemistry awarded for reliable molecule-building tool

The 2022 Nobel prize for chemistry has been jointly awarded to Carolyn Bertozzi, Morten Meldal and K. Barry Sharpless for their development of click chemistry – ways of joining molecules together

International rugby union players face higher risk of dementia

Men who played rugby union for Scotland are much more likely to develop dementia, Parkinson’s disease and motor neurone disease than the rest of the population

AI can tell which buildings are energy efficient from the outside

AI can use images from Google Street View and satellites to estimate building energy efficiency across entire cities. That could guide investments in reducing energy waste and fighting climate change

Experiments hint at how molecules essential to all life first arose

A series of chemistry experiments suggest that a molecule that provides energy for all living cells, called ATP, could have been forged in geothermal vents in the ocean or created in freshwater ponds

Why itching can be contagious: Reflex pathway is identified in mice

Contagious itching may have evolved as a survival mechanism, such as by alerting other animals in the group that a parasite could be circulating

Eating in a 10-hour window may reduce the health harms of shift work

Firefighters working 24-hour shifts who only ate between 9am and 7pm saw improvements in heart health, blood sugar and blood pressure

How hacking your metabolism can help you burn fat and prevent disease

A portable device called Lumen promises to enable your body to burn fats more efficiently, part of a new trend for "metabolism hacking" - which may even help you run for longer, have better skin and reduce the risk of conditions like diabetes

Nord Stream pipes leaked 'enormous' amount of methane into atmosphere

Satellite measurement should reveal just how much potent greenhouse gas was released by the Nord Stream pipeline sabotage, but for now the estimates put it in the order of hundreds of millions of cubic metres

Fewer boys born in England and Wales in early stage of the pandemic

The covid-19 pandemic has been linked to a decline in the proportion of male babies being born, in line with previous findings that fewer boys are born after population-wide stressful events

What’s causing a mass die-off of crabs on the UK coast?

A new study points to pyridine pollution as the most likely culprit behind the deaths of crustaceans, with dredging in the river Tees a possible source

Nobel prize in physics awarded to pioneers of quantum information

The 2022 Nobel prize in physics has been jointly awarded to Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger

Megadrought could become the new normal in the southwestern US

Human-caused climate change is making droughts more severe – and could shift some regions of North America into permanent drought conditions

Photo shows 10,000 km debris tail caused by DART asteroid smash

After NASA’s DART spacecraft slammed into the asteroid Dimorphos, the debris from the collision was blown into an enormous tail stretching behind the asteroid

Hurricane Ian has left thousands without power and clean water

The destruction caused by Hurricane Ian has left 600,000 Florida homes without power and many without clean water after the storm battered Florida, Cuba and the US east coast

Learning to play an instrument could boost your short-term memory

Playing a rhythm-based game helped people remember faces and boosted activity in the brain’s right superior parietal lobe, which hints at how learning music can help short-term memory

Our ancestors’ prenatal growth sped up after we split from chimps

Early humans evolved a faster fetal growth rate than other apes about a million years ago, suggesting it could have played a role in the evolution of our species

Why ancient Nubia is finally emerging from Egypt’s long shadow

Archaeologists once viewed ancient Nubia as separate from and inferior to Egypt. But research is now showing the Nubians had their own rich culture that powerfully influenced the land of the pharaohs

Algorithm can design the perfect cycle lane system for any city

An algorithm usually used to design profitable airline routes can plan the optimal approach to adding cycle lanes while staying within council budgets

Nobel prize awarded for study of human evolution using ancient DNA

Geneticist Svante Pääbo has been awarded a Nobel prize for his work on evolutionary genetics

A long-lost rogue planet could explain unexpectedly distant asteroids

The outer solar system holds some chunks of ice and rock that orbit so far from the sun it’s hard to imagine how they got there – but an ancient rogue planet may hold the key

Computer made from swirly magnets can recognise handwritten digits

A prototype computer built using a magnetic material called a skyrmion has been programmed to recognise handwritten digits. The approach could be particularly energy-efficient

'Superagers' with sharp memories in their 80s have larger neurons

Neurons in a part of the brain involved in memory may be 10 per cent larger in superagers than others aged 80 or over

Stealth rubber coating could make submarines nearly invisible to sonar

Computer simulations found that a material made from three layers of rubber could absorb most frequencies used for sonar, which if affixed to a submarine would make it difficult to detect

People trust AI to make big decisions – as long as a human checks them

Artificial intelligences are increasingly making important decisions that affect our lives, but people consider the calls made to be fairer and more acceptable if a human is in the loop too

Uganda struggles to contain Ebola variant with no approved vaccine

More than 50 cases have been identified so far in an outbreak linked to the Sudan variant of Ebola virus, which has no approved treatment or vaccine

How will Germany navigate its gas shortage nightmare this winter?

Germany normally relies heavily on Russian gas for domestic heating, but with supplies cut off and energy usage already above average for the time of year, the government may be forced to introduce rationing

NASA’s Juno spacecraft takes closest images of Europa for 20 years

NASA's Juno spacecraft flew just 352 kilometres above Jupiter’s moon Europa, sending back extraordinarily detailed images of the surface

SpaceX may help the Hubble Space Telescope boost its lifespan

NASA and SpaceX are studying whether it would be possible to use a Dragon spacecraft to boost the Hubble Space Telescope’s orbit, extending its lifetime by up to 20 years

When two galaxies collide they often stop making new stars

When two galaxies collide, it creates a burst of energy that kills off star formation – a process that strangely doesn’t match up with what we see in simulations of galactic smash-ups

Genetic test for cancer is less accurate for Black and Asian people

A study of genetic test results used to guide cancer treatment found that Black people had their tumours misclassified twice as often as white people

Western Arctic Ocean is acidifying four times faster than other oceans

Melting ice has increased how fast Arctic waters are absorbing carbon dioxide, making them more acidic faster. The change could disrupt entire marine ecosystems

Hubble and JWST both saw the aftermath of NASA's DART asteroid mission

After NASA’s DART mission slammed into the asteroid Dimorphos, the Hubble Space Telescope and the James Webb Space Telescope took simultaneous pictures of what was left behind

Emissions from mining a single bitcoin have increased 126-fold

Between 2016 and 2021, the carbon emissions associated with mining bitcoin have increased from 0.9 tonnes to 113 tonnes per coin

Sci-fi author Neal Stephenson wants to build a metaverse open to all

Lamina1 was contacted for comment.   Neal Stephenson was contacted for comment.   Facebook did not respond to a request for comment on the standards underpinning its own metaverse, and whether it might consider making it interoperable with open source standards.

You’re Safe Til 2024: Deep History is about humanity's turning points

This impactful one-man show from David Finnigan explores the moments in Earth’s history when humans faced turning points

Piecing together the story of ancient glass after the Beirut explosion

In 2020, a chemical explosion in Beirut caused 218 deaths and widespread destruction. It also shattered one of the world’s richest collections of ancient glassware, offering experts the chance to analyse the artefacts in ways that would otherwise have been impossible

Newly recognised species of sloth has a head like a coconut

Maned sloths were thought to be one species but a genetic and physical analysis suggests there are actually two

Air pollution raises our risk of a stroke and its later complications

Exceeding the World Health Organization's recommended air pollution exposure limit could substantially increase our risk of a first-time stroke

Satellite uses sun reflections to detect offshore methane leaks

Methane leaks from offshore oil rigs are normally hard to spot from space but a technique called “glint mode” now makes it possible

Dangerous fungal lung infections could be treated with CAR T-cells

Adapted immune cells known as CAR T-cells could treat lungs infected by the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus in people with suppressed immune systems, a study in mice suggests

Dogs can smell when we're stressed from our breath and sweat

In a test to see if dogs can identify material that has been exposed to breath and sweat from stressed humans, they got it right around 94 per cent of the time

The covid-19 pandemic has left people less extroverted and agreeable

The covid-19 pandemic has changed our personalities – a study of more than 7000 US adults found that people are less open to new experiences and less conscientious than before the pandemic

Robotic pill that delivers drugs to gut could end insulin injections

A drug-carrying capsule with a motor protects medicines from stomach acid and enzymes before releasing them in the small intestine

Hurricane Ian hits the coast of Florida with 155 mile-per-hour winds

A category 4 storm made landfall in Florida on Wednesday afternoon, displacing millions of residents and causing severe flooding and destruction

Alzheimer’s drug results are promising – but not a major breakthrough

The results for the amyloid-targeting drug, lecanemab, are a step forward, but it is unclear if this treatment will be truly helpful for those affected by Alzheimer’s

Wild boar appear destructive, but they make excellent conservationists

Keystone species such as wild boar, eagles and lynx were managing the planet quite well for millions of years before humans got involved. We must cherish them, says Benedict Macdonald

Insomnia success suggests we need more nuanced mental health support

The standard "one-size-fits-all" approach to diagnosing and treating mental health problems is failing. Personalised treatments could make a big difference

All That Breathes review: Rescuing raptors in Delhi

In this award-winning and compelling documentary, rescuing the injured black kites and water birds of Delhi is a family effort, finds Simon Ings

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Striking photos show scale of development in sub-Saharan Africa

These arresting images of industrial developments in Senegal, South Africa and Namibia were taken by Edward Burtynsky, who spent four years capturing African landscapes using aerial photography

The Seed Detective review: Why we must save rare vegetables

Saving unusual vegetable varieties from extinction is essential for protecting crop diversity, which is under threat from mechanisation, argues Adam Alexander in his richly detailed new book

How to cook the perfect corn on the cob

A great corn on the cob must tread the line between under- and overcooked. Here's why – and how to do it

The cosmos doesn't work to my research schedule – but that's OK

I work on the dark matter problem knowing the questions I have may be answered long after I die. This is the life I signed up for: to think about interesting ideas and hopefully find out whether any of them are correct, says Chanda Prescod-Weinstein

Anti-Body review: Exploring our transhuman future with dance

Who and what will we become as the future unfolds? Anti-Body at Sadler's Wells Theatre in London is a dance work that uses motion-capture tech to show how our influence extends beyond our physical bodies into the digital world

Could Labour's Great British Energy firm spark a green revolution?

Keir Starmer, the leader of the UK's Labour party, has promised to create a publicly owned renewable energy firm. Could it help meet the UK's climate goals?

We are finally waking up to the causes of insomnia and how to treat it

Millions of people struggle with insomnia, but the sleep disorder is now a solvable problem – and the most effective therapy might involve your smartphone rather than sleeping pills

Experimental Zika vaccine stops the virus from replicating in mice

Pregnant mice that were vaccinated before being exposed to Zika also showed signs of a healthier pregnancy than their unvaccinated counterparts

Bitcoin has emitted 200 million tonnes of CO2 since its launch

Bitcoin's demand for electricity has led to huge carbon emissions, but a slump in the cryptocurrency's price and rising energy costs have slowed its energy use, at least temporarily

Light from a quasar shows hints of one of the universe’s first stars

Astronomers examining a quasar may have found remnants of the explosion of one of the first stars in the universe, a behemoth about 300 times more massive than the sun

Coronavirus vaccines could cut the risk of long covid by two-fifths

Being vaccinated against the coronavirus can cut the risk of having long covid symptoms 12 weeks after the infection by 41 per cent

Why the UK could be heading for a flu-covid 'twindemic' this winter

Warnings about a bad flu season were were proved wrong last year - but could be right about the forthcoming winter now that social mixing is back to normal

Mysterious stone spheres could be from an ancient Aegean board game

Stone spheres found at ancient settlements across the Aegean and Mediterranean Seas could have been playing pieces for a board game involving stone slabs

JWST has taken a picture of the gaseous ‘skeleton’ of a spiral galaxy

NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope has taken a picture of the galaxy IC 5332, peering through the dust that separates its spiral arms to reveal the gas and stars beneath

Earth’s surface may be teeming with trillions of dark matter particles

When dark matter is captured inside a planet or star, much of it sinks to the middle – but if it sometimes bounces off regular matter, there may be huge amounts of it lurking just beneath the surface

First images show aftermath of NASA's DART asteroid collision mission

As NASA’s DART spacecraft slammed into an asteroid, a small satellite called LICIACube watched from afar – now it has sent back its first images of the collision

Rebecca Wragg Sykes on the objects that reveal the Neanderthal mind

Cognitive archaeologist Rebecca Wragg Sykes says we can learn something about the minds of Neanderthals by studying the stuff they left behind, from painted shells to stalagmite circles. We might even find hints about why they went extinct

Gene therapy infused into the brain eases rare condition in children

A gene-replacement therapy has eased the debilitating symptoms in a group of 30 children with AADC deficiency

Heating homes with hydrogen is bad for both your wallet and the planet

A review of studies looking at heating homes with hydrogen has found that high cost and poor energy efficiency means the gas isn't a viable solution, despite many governments pushing ahead with the idea

Russia's Nord Stream gas pipelines to Europe suffer mysterious leaks

Nord Stream 1 and Nord Stream 2, key gas pipelines between Russia and Europe, have sprung large leaks within hours of each other, sparking fears of deliberate sabotage

Who should own the copyright on AI-generated artwork?

Artificial intelligences can create images inspired by the human-generated art they train on. This is raising concerns over copyright and artists’ livelihoods

RSPB and other nature charities raise alarm over UK government plans

Plans to relax planning laws in "investment zones" in parts of England and to abandon a scheme that rewards farmers for protecting wildlife are being widely condemned by environmentalists, including the Wildlife Trusts, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and National Trust

NASA's DART mission successfully smashed into asteroid Dimorphos

The Double Asteroid Redirection Test spacecraft beamed back its final moments before colliding with the asteroid Dimorphos in an attempt to change its orbit, and the collision was captured by telescopes on Earth

Brazilian election will determine the future of the Amazon rainforest

The re-election of president Jair Bolsonaro would severely harm the Amazon rainforest, while his rival Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva is promising to reverse much of the recent environmental damage and meet climate change targets

Guatemala’s rainforest is expanding thanks to community efforts

The forests of the Maya Biosphere Reserve are growing rather than shrinking, because of a community-led conservation programme

Deadly stellar radiation blasts 'habitable' exoplanets every few days

Planets orbiting M-class red dwarf stars have been suggested as some of the most promising places to look for alien life, but now it seems powerful outbursts from the stars could render them uninhabitable

Spoofing cyberattack can make cameras see things that aren’t there

A targeted transmission of radio waves can disrupt what a camera detects – and the technology has the potential to fool object-detection systems into seeing things that aren’t there

Scientists are slathering reefs with antibiotics to stop coral disease

Researchers have resorted to applying antibiotics on corals to save Caribbean reefs from deadly disease, but there are concerns this could create antibiotic resistance in other marine animals

Robot navigates indoors by tracking anomalies in magnetic fields

Metal pipes beneath the floor provide enough local disturbance of Earth’s magnetic field for an autonomous robot to work out where it is and navigate around a lab

Chronic fatigue syndrome linked to almost 200 genetic variants

In a study of more than 2300 people with chronic fatigue syndrome, 91 per cent had these genetic variants, in a discovery that could improve diagnosis and treatment

Bowhead whales live longer thanks to mutation that also shrinks testes

We may have discovered one of the key reasons for the extraordinary lifespans of bowhead whales, which can live for more than 200 years

Physicists found the shortest measurement to collapse a quantum state

Measuring a quantum object makes it lose its odd quantum properties, and it only takes between 0.1 billionth and 0.1 sextillionth of a second

Decarbonising the shipping industry will cost more than $1 trillion

Powering all shipping vessels with zero-emission fuels by 2050 would slash the industry's emissions, but it would require between $1 trillion and $1.4 trillion of investment

Web of blood vessels helps protect whales’ brains while swimming

When a whale pumps its tail up and down to swim, a wave of increased blood pressure moves from the tail to the head – but a network of vessels redirects the animal’s blood to protect the brain

Vesper review: Exquisite dystopian sci-fi has a Brothers Grimm edge

Set on an Earth where the ecosystem has collapsed, this ravishing sci-fi film is centred on Vesper, a young girl struggling to find a cure for her paralysed father

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Two provocative new novels inject some fantasy into the sci-fi outlook

Ling Ma's Bliss Montage and Christopher Priest's Expect Me Tomorrow use fantasy to address real issues. Will this perspective energise people to do something about the future, asks Sally Adee

Show children how to make a simple electric motor with a magnet

Using just a magnet, a battery, a nail and a piece of copper wire, this is the simplest electric motor you can make, says Alom Shaha, but it is utterly delightful and children will love it

Luck may influence us more than nurture, so let's give parents a break

Emerging research suggests that, alongside genes and environment, much of who we become is down to chance occurrences in the developing brain. Does that mean parents are off the hook?

New Scientist Live 2022: What to know about our science festival

Don't miss your chance to be part of New Scientist Live, the world’s greatest festival of ideas and discoveries, taking place at London's ExCeL and streaming online from 7 to 9 October 2022